American wine has been produced for over 300 years. Today, wine production is undertaken in all fifty states, with California producing 89 percent of all US wine. The United States is the fourth-largest wine producing country in the world after France, Italy, and Spain.
The North American continent is home to several native species of grape, including Vitis labrusca, Vitis riparia, Vitis rotundifolia, and Vitis vulpina. But the wine making industry is based on the cultivation of the European Vitis vinifera, which was introduced by European settlers. With more than 1,100,000 acres under vine, the United States is the sixth-most planted country in the world after France, Italy, Spain, China and Turkey.
There are nearly 3,000 commercial vineyards in the United States, and at least one winery in each of the 50 states.
West Coast – More than 90% of the total American wine production occurs in the states of California, Washington and Oregon.
Rocky Mountain Region – Notably Idaho and Colorado
Southwestern United States – Notably Texas and New Mexico
Midwestern United States – Notably Missouri and Indiana
Great Lakes Region – Notably Michigan, northern New York and Ohio
East Coast of the United States – Notably New York State and eastern Long Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina and Florida.